Future Directions

Treating neuropsychiatric conditions with somatic nonpharmacological approaches is rooted in early 20th-century exploration of the mind as a complex interplay of neuronal networks. Recent advancements in neuroscience, neuroimaging, and better understanding of brain functions allow for more empirically based and precisely targeted neuromodulations. The 21st century is likely to witness a refinement of the interventions highlighted in this chapter, as well as many new therapies (Apuzzo et al., 2002). The introduction of genetic information or genetically modified cells for functional augmentation, restoration or ablation is becoming feasible (Anderson, 1998; Breeze et al., 1995; Thompson et al., 1999). The discovery of CNS neurotrophic agents and the perfection of delivery systems could lead to implantable pumps and novel drug delivery devices (Kaplitt et al., 2002). Even neuroprostheses are now conceivable (Cleland, 1998; Tanaka, 1994). We may gradually be entering a new land of psychiatric interventions where the mind and brain are treated as a unified but multifaceted entity.


The Brain Stimulation Laboratory acknowledges the support of NARSAD, Stanley Foundation, BPDRF, and NIH grants (DBS) and DARPA. The BSL has also received research support from Cyberonics and Neuronetics. The authors would also like to acknowledge the help of Drs Xingbao Li, Kaori Yamanaka, Alexander Mishory, Qiwen Mu, nurses Berry Anderson and Angela Walker for their valuable help in clinical and imaging related studies conducted, Ms Minnie Dobbins and Mr Shannon Smith for business support and Ms Carol Hanback for administrative support at the BSL.

Brain Blaster

Brain Blaster

Have you ever been envious of people who seem to have no end of clever ideas, who are able to think quickly in any situation, or who seem to have flawless memories? Could it be that they're just born smarter or quicker than the rest of us? Or are there some secrets that they might know that we don't?

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