Replacement of External Reality by Psychical Reality

In these cases, the demands of the internal world of the drives take precedence over the constraints of external reality, and inner wishes displace outer perceptions. An example of this kind of error is the above-mentioned case where the No Smoking sign became a clock showing 5 p.m., because this accorded with the patient's wishes. His inner reality dominated over his external perception in a way that we do not normally allow. In the same way, his wish to meet his dead friend (or to be among friends) distorted his perception of a stranger in the hospital (someone whose features probably reminded him of his friend). Even when he recalled the fact of his friend's death, the external evidence could be put to one side in the service of maintaining the wish.

Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

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