Great progress has been made in the recognition and treatment of OCD. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and behavior therapy techniques (particularly exposure with response prevention) provide relief from both compulsive rituals and obsessional anxiety. Advances in neuroimaging and neurophysiologic technologies have opened new vistas for understanding the biologic basis of OCD, while increased knowledge of the genetics of the disorder and novel pathophysiologic models hold promise for the development of better strategies for treatment and prevention of OCD. Until that time, it is important to maximize the recognition and treatment of this troublesome disorder by educating parents and primary care physicians about the symptoms of OCD and mental health professionals about the wide range of effective therapies

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