Hundreds of publications in the medical literature support various benefits of Tai chi. Meta-analysis (statistical analysis of many related studies) have addressed the value of Tai chi on different aspects of life, psychological as well as physical function. One large systematic review and meta-analysis conducted by Tufts University and the U.S. Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies was published in 2010. It addressed the psychological effects of Tai chi from forty studies covering 3,817 subjects. Although not all studies were of high quality, Tai chi was found to reduce stress, anxiety, depression and mood disturbance, and to increase self-esteem. A similar meta-analysis from France published in 2007 looked at data from 14 studies covering 829 subjects, ages 12 to 96. That review also found that Tai chi improved overall psychological well-being and mood.
Another "systematic review" of published research looked at the effect of tai chi on blood pressure. Twenty-two (85%) of the studies found that Tai chi lowers blood pressure. A separate meta-analysis also concluded that Tai chi exercise may serve as a practical, nonpharmacologic adjunct to the management of high blood pressure.
In 2007, a review of multiple studies found that Tai chi exercise may be a beneficial adjunctive therapy for patients with cardiovascular disease. The practice also was a useful rehabilitation strategy for people with different forms of arthritis.
Numerous studies over the years document also that tai chi improves physical balance, prevents falls in the elderly, increases aerobic strength and produces a meditation-like calm and well-being in people of all ages and physical capacity.
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