Anatomy of Attention

Attention to specific aspects of the perceived universe depends on both awareness as a general property and on the specific anatomical structures that mediate the sensory phenomena involved. In order to attend to a particular stimulus, the pathways required for its perception must be functional (e.g., the visual system must carry information from the retina to the occipital cortex for visual attention to occur). Each primary sensory modality has one or more principal cortical regions that must function in order to attend to a stimulus (e.g., primary somatosensory cortex in the postcentral gyrus), but the presence of these areas alone is not sufficient for attention. Lesions affecting the more posterior portion of the nondominant parietal lobe, for example, produce extinction of the contralateral stimulus when stimuli are presented simultaneously on each side of the body. A lesion at the occipitoparietal junction produces a similar defect in visual perception of bilateral stimuli. With larger lesions, the patient appears to have increasingly more substantial deficits in awareness of the contralateral half of the universe, including the self.

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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