Papez Circuit

It is well recognized that the ability to recall and engender memories is intimately linked to the emotional makeup of such memories. Furthermore, several clinical conditions show combined deficits in these domains, suggesting a direct anatomical or physiological interaction of functions. In 1937, the neuroanatomist Papez published a study describing an anatomical circuit that involved a number of central nervous system nuclei and pathways that are important in aspects of memory and emotion. Familiarity with this Papez circuit allows clinicians to think systematically about the overall anatomical foundation of memory and to analyze which elements are involved in different aspects of memory function. The concept of a circuit is particularly important in dealing with memory, since lesions anywhere along the pathway may interrupt memory function, although the coloration of the deficit may be particularly influenced by the specific nuclei or path that is damaged (Fig. 5-1 (Figure Not Available) ).

The circuit is schematically diagrammed in Figure 5-1 (Figure Not Available) A, and the anatomical nuclei and pathways are identified in the sagittal brain section shown in Figure 5-1 (Figure Not Available) B. The pathway is circular and provides continual reintegration of information. The two prominent cortical areas are the cigulate cortex and the hippocampus of the temporal lobe. Diffuse cortical impulses travel into the hippocampus, traverse the midline fornix pathway to the mammillary bodies of the hypothalamus, and continue to the anterior and dorsal thalamus. From these regions, information projects to the midline cingulate cortex, which finally projects diffusely to cortical regions.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
The Prevention and Treatment of Headaches

The Prevention and Treatment of Headaches

Are Constant Headaches Making Your Life Stressful? Discover Proven Methods For Eliminating Even The Most Powerful Of Headaches, It’s Easier Than You Think… Stop Chronic Migraine Pain and Tension Headaches From Destroying Your Life… Proven steps anyone can take to overcome even the worst chronic head pain…

Get My Free Audio Book


Post a comment