1. Caplan LR: Stroke: A Clinical Approach, 2nd ed. Boston, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1993

2. Caplan LR: Posterior Circulation Disease: Clinical Findings, Diagnosis and Management. Boston, Blackwell, 1996

3. Caplan LR: Charles Foix--the first modern stroke neurologist. Stroke 1990;21:348-356

4. Aring CD, Merritt HH: Differential diagnosis between cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral thrombosis. Arch Int Med 1935;56:435

5. Kubik C, Adams RD: Occlusion of the basilar artery: A clinical and pathologic study. Brain 1946;69:73-121

6. Fisher CM: Occlusion of the internal carotid artery. Arch Neurol 1951;65:346

7. Hutchinson EC, Yates PO: The cervical portion of the vertebral artery: A clinicopathological study. Brain 1956;79:319

8. Fisher CM: Clinical syndromes in cerebral hemorrhage. In Fields WS (ed): Pathogenesis and Treatment of Cerebrovascular Disease. Springfield, IL, Charles C Thomas, 1961, p 3 18.

9. Caplan LR: TIAs: We need to return to the question, 'What is wrong with Mr. Jones?' Neurology 1988;38:791-793

10. Caplan LR: Terms describing brain ischemia by tempo are no longer useful. Surg Neurol 1993;40:91-95

11. American Heart Association: 1992 Heart and Stroke Facts. Dallas, American Heart Association, 199■.

12. Brown RD, Whisnant JP, Sicks JD, et al: Stroke incidence, prevalence, and survival. Secular trends in Rochester, Minnesota, through 1989. Stroke 1996;27:370-37'..

13. Sacco RL: Current epidemiology of stroke. In Fisher M, Bogousslavsky J (eds): Current Review of Cerebrovascular Disease. Philadelphia, Current Medicine, 1993, p 3.

14. D'Agostino RB, Wolf PA, Belanger AJ, et al: Stroke risk profile: Adjustment for antihypertensive medication. The Framingham Study. Stroke 1994;25:40-43

15. Gorelick PB: Stroke prevention. Arch Neurol 1995;52:347-355

16. Whisnant JP: Effectiveness versus efficacy of treatment of hypertension for stroke prevention. Neurology 1996;46:301-307

17. Caplan LR, Dyken ML, Easton JD: American Heart Association Family Guide to Stroke. New York, Random House, 1994, p 63

18. Wolf PA, Abbott RD, Kannel WB: Atrial fibrillation as an independent risk factor for stroke: The Framingham Study. Stroke 1991;22:983- 988

19. Jones EF, Kalman JM, Calafiore P, et al: Proximal aortic atheroma. An independent risk factor for cerebral ischemia. Stroke 1995;26:218- 224

20. Levy D: How transient are transient ischemic attacks? Neurology 1988;38:674

21. Chaves CJ, Caplan LR, Chung C-S, et al: Cerebellar infarcts in the New England Medical Center Posterior Circulation Stroke Registry. Neurology 1994;44:1385-1390

21B. Feinberg WM, Albers GW, Barnett HJM, et al: Guidelines for management of transient ischemic attacks. From the Ad Hoc committee on guidelines for the management of transient ischemic attacks of the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association. Circulation 1994;89:2950-2965

22. Chaves CJ, Caplan LR, Chung C-S, et al: Cerebellar infarcts. Curr Neurol 1994;14:143

22B. Caplan LR, DeWitt LD, Breen JC: Neuroimaging in patients with cerebrovascular disease. In Greenberg JO (ed): Neuroimaging. A Companion to Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1995, p 435.

23. Caplan LR, Gorelick PB, Hier DB: Race, sex, and occlusive vascular disease: A review. Stroke 1986;17:648-655

24. Fisher CM: Lacunar infarcts--a review. Cerebrovasc Dis 1991;1:311

25. Caplan LR: Intracranial branch atheromatous disease: A neglected, understudied, and underused concept. Neurology 1989;39:1246-1250

26. Chabriat H, Tounier-Lasserue F, Vahedi K: Autosomal dominant migraine with MRI white-matter abnormalities mapping to the CADASIL locus. Neurology 1995;45:1086-1091

27. Amarenco P, Cohen A, Baudrimont M, et al: Transesophageal echocardiographic detection of aortic arch disease in patients with cerebral infarction. Stroke 1992;23:1005-1009

28. Zeumer H, Freitag H, Zanella F, et al: Local intra-arterial fibrinolytic therapy in patients with stroke: Urokinase vs recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). Neuroradiology 1993;35:159-162

29. Hacke W, Kaste M, Fieschi C, et al: Intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for acute hemispheric stroke. The European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS).

JAMA 1995;274:1017-1025

30. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke rt-PA Study Group: Tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischemic stroke. n Engl J Med 1995;333:1581-1587

31. Chamorro A, Vila N, Saiz A, et al: Early anticoagulation after large cerebral embolic infarction: A safety study. Neurology 1995;45:861- 865

32. The European Atrial Fibrillation Trial Study Group: Optimal oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation and recent cerebral ischemia. n Engl J Med 1995;333:5-10

33. Cannegieter SC, Rosendaal FR, Wintzen AR, et al: Optimal oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with mechanical heart valves. n Engl J Med 1995;333:11-17

34. Moore WS, Barnett HJM, Beebe HG, et al: Guidelines for carotid endarterectomy. A multidisciplinary consensus statement from the Ad Hoc committee, American Heart Association. Circulation 1995;


35. North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial Collaborators: Beneficial effect of carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic patients with high-grade carotid stenosis. n Engl J Med


36. Executive Committee for the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study: Endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. jama 1995;273:1421

37. Torvik A: The pathogenesis of watershed infarcts in the brain. Stroke 1984;15:221-223

38. Bogousslavsky J, Regli F: Unilateral watershed cerebral infarcts. Neurology 1986;36:373-377

39. Dobkin BH: Orthostatic hypotension as a risk factor for symptomatic occlusive cerebrovascular disease. Neurology 1989;39:30-34

40. Corrin LS, Sandok BA, Houser OW: Cerebral ischemic events in patients with carotid artery fibromuscular dysplasia. Arch Neurol 1981;38:616-618

41. Mettinger KL, Ericson K: Fibromuscular dysplasia and the brain. Stroke 1982;13:46-52

42. Suzuki J: Moyamoya Disease. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1986

43. Houkin K, Aoki T, Takahashi A, et al: Diagnosis of moyamoya disease with magnetic resonance angiography. Stroke 1994;25:2159-2164

44. Grosset DG, Ebrahim S, Bone I, et al: Stroke in pregnancy and the puerperium: What magnitude of risk? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1995;58:129-13:

45. Sharshar T, Lamy C, Mas JL: Incidence and causes of strokes associated with pregnancy and puerperium. A study in public hospitals of Ile de France. Stroke in Pregnancy Study Group. Stroke

1995,26:930- 936

46. Simolke GA, Cox SM, Cunningham FG: Cerebrovascular accidents complicating pregnancy and the puerperium. Obstet Gynecol 1991;78:37-42

47. Martin PJ, Enevoldson TP: Cerebral venous thrombosis. Postgrad Med J 1996,72:72

48. Horowitz M, Purdy P, Unwin H, et al: Treatment of dural sinus thrombosis using selective catheterization and urokinase. Ann Neurol 1995;38:58-67

49. Sturzenegger M: Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection: Early diagnosis and management in 44 patients. J Neurol 1995;242:231-238

50. Caplan LR, Tettenborn B: Vertebrobasilar occlusive disease: Review of selected aspects. 1. Spontaneous dissection of extracranial and intracranial posterior circulation arteries. CerebrovascDis 1992,2:256.

51. Biousse V, D'Anglejan-Chantillon J, Touboul P-J, et al: Time course of symptoms in extracranial carotid artery dissections. A series of 80 patients. Stroke 1995;26:235-239

52. Sturzenegger M, Mattle HP, Rivoir A, et al: Ultrasound findings in carotid artery dissection: Analysis of 43 patients. Neurology 1995;45:691-698

53. Levy C, Laissy JP, Raveau V, et al: Carotid and vertebral artery dissections: Three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography and MR imaging versus conventional angiography. Radiology 1994;


54. Villringer A, Moore PM: Vasculitides and other nonatherosclerotic vasculopathies of the nervous system. In Brandt T, Caplan LR, Dichgans J, et al (eds): Neurological Disorders: Course and Treatment. San Diego, Academic Press, 1995, pp 470-475

55. Rothrock J, North J, Madden K, et al: Migraine and migrainous stroke. Risk factors and prognosis. Neurology 1993;43:2473-2476

56. Buring JE, Hebert P, Romero J, et al: Migraine and subsequent risk of stroke in the Physicians' Health Study. Arch Neurol 1995;52:129-134

57. Caplan LR: Migraine and vertebrobasilar ischemia. Neurology 1991;41:55-61

58. Cole AJ, Aube M: Migraine with vasospasm and delayed intracerebral hemorrhage. Arch Neurol 1990;47:53-56

59. Hart RG, Kanter MC: Hematological disorders and ischemic stroke. A selective review. Stroke 1990;21:1111-1121

60. Levine SR, Brey RL, Sawaya KL, et al: Recurrent stroke and thrombo-occlusive events in the antiphospholipid syndrome. Ann Neurol 1995;38:119-124

61. Khamashta MA, Cuadrado MJ, Mujic F, et al: The management of thrombosis in the antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome. n Engl J Med 1995;332:993-997

62. Schwartzman RJ, Hill JB: Neurologic complications of disseminated intravascular coagulation. Neurology 1982;32:791-797

63. Schwartzman RJ: Disseminated intravascular coagulation. In Bogousslavsky J, Caplan LR (eds): Stroke Syndromes. New York, Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp 470-47 5.

64. Coull BM, Beamer N, de Garmo P, et al: Chronic blood hyperviscosity in subjects with acute stroke, transient ischemic attack, and risk factors for stroke. Stroke 1991;22:162-168

65. Caplan LR: Binswanger's disease--revisited. Neurology 1995;45:626- 633

66. Rinkel G, Wijdicks E, Hene R: Stroke in relapsing thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Stroke 1991;22:1087-1089

67. Kase CS, Caplan LR: Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Boston, Butterworth, 1994

68. Chung C-S, Caplan LR: Parenchymatous brain hemorrhage. In Rakel RE (ed): Conn's Current Therapy. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1995, p 79 4.

69. Mayberg MR, Batjer HH, Dacey R, et al: Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Circulation 1994;90:2592-2605

70. Longstreth WT Jr, Nelson LM, Koepsell TD, et al: Clinical course of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage: A population-based study in King County, Washington. Neurology 1994;44:191-192

71. Heros RC, Zervas NT, Varsos V: Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: An update. Ann Neurol 1983;14:599-608

72. McCormick WF: The pathology of vascular ("arteriovenous") malformations. J Neurosurg 1966;27:807-816

73. Spetzler RF, Wilson CB, Weinstein P, et al: Normal perfusion pressure breakthrough theory. Clin Neurosurg 1978;25:651-672

74. Fournier D, TerBrugge KG, Willinsky R, et al: Endovascular treatment of intracerebral arteriovenous malformations: Experience in 49 cases. J Neurosurg 1991;75:228-233

75. Heros R, Korosue K: Radiation treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. n Engl J Med 1990;323:127-129

76. Barrow DL, Spector RH, Braun IF, et al: Classification and treatment of spontaneous carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. J Neurosurg 1985;62:248-256

77. Miller NR: Carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. In MillerNR (ed): Walsh andHoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, Vol 4. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1991, p 2 65.

78. Kwan E, Hieshima GB, Higashida RT, et al: Interventional neuroradiology in neuro-ophthalmology. J Clin Neuro-Ophthalmol 1989;9:83- 97

79. Wilkins RH: Traumatic intracranial hematomas. In Rengachary SS, Wilkins RH (eds): Principles of Neurosurgery. London, Wolfe, 1994, pp 191-19 8.

80. Caplan LR, Estol CE: Strokes in youths. In Adams HP (ed): Cerebrovascular Disease. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1993, pp 233-25'-.


Hearing Aids Inside Out

Hearing Aids Inside Out

Have you recently experienced hearing loss? Most probably you need hearing aids, but don't know much about them. To learn everything you need to know about hearing aids, read the eBook, Hearing Aids Inside Out. The book comprises 113 pages of excellent content utterly free of technical jargon, written in simple language, and in a flowing style that can easily be read and understood by all.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment