Reviews And Selected Updates

Doty RL: Olfactory dysfunction in neurodegenerative disorders. In Getchell TV, Doty RL, Bartoshuk LM, Snow JB Jr (eds): Smell and Taste In Health and Disease. New York, Raven Press, 1991, pp 735-751.

Doty RL, Yousem DM, Pham LT: Olfactory dysfunction in patients with head trauma. Arch Neurol 1997;54:1131-1140.

Duncan HJ, Smith DV: Clinical disorders of olfaction: A review. In Doty RL (ed): Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1995, pp 345-365. Ferreyra-Moyano H, Barragan E: The olfactory system and Alzheimer's disease. Int J Neurosci 1989;49:157-197.

Li C, Yousem DM, Doty RL, Kennedy DW: Evaluation of olfactory deficits by medical imaging. In Doty RL (ed), Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1995, pp 395-419.

West SE, Doty RL: Influence of epilepsy and temporal lobe resection on olfactory function. Epilepsia 1995;36:531-542.



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3. Pryse-Phillips W: An olfactory reference syndrome. Acta Psychiat (Scand) 1971;47:484-509

4. Moran DT, Rowley JC III, Jafek BW, et al: The fine structure of the olfactory mucosa in man. jNeurocytol 1982;11:721-746

5. Getchell TV, Margolis FL, Getchell ML: Perireceptor and receptor events in vertebrate olfaction. ProgNeurobiol 1985;23:317-345

6. Rowley JC, Moran DT, Jafek BW: Peroxidase backfills suggest the mammalian olfactory epithelium contains a second morphologically distinct class of bipolar sensory neuron: The microvillar cell.

Brain Res 1989;502:387-400

7. Hinds JW, Hinds PL, McNelly NA: An autoradiographic study of the mouse olfactory epithelium: Evidence for long-lived receptors. Anat Rec 1984;210:375-383

8. Lewis JL, Dahl AR: Olfactory mucosa: Composition, enzymatic localization, and metabolism. In Doty RL (ed): Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1995, pp 33-5 2.

9. Gesteland RC: Speculations on receptor cells as analyzes and filters. Experientia 1986;42:287-291

10. Kratskin IL: Functional anatomy, central connections, and neurochemistry of the mammalian olfactory bulb. in Doty rl (ed): Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1995, pp 103-12 6.

11. Shipley M, Reyes P: Anatomy of the human olfactory bulb and central olfactory pathways. In Laing DG, Doty RL, Breipohl W (eds): The Human Sense of Smell. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1991, pp 29-60.

12. Price JL: Olfactory system. In Paxinos G (ed): The Human Nervous System. San Diego, Academic Press, 1990, pp 979-99 8.

13. Pevsner J, Reed RR, Feinstein PG, et al: Molecular cloning of odorant binding protein: Member of a ligand carrier family. Science 1988;241:336-339

14. Lazard D, Zupko K, Poria Y, et al: Odorant signal termination by olfactory UDP-glucuronosyl transferase. Nature 1991;349:790-793

15. Jones DT, Reed RR: Golf : An olfactory neuron specific-G protein involved in odorant signal transduction. Science 1989;244:790-795

16. Kurihara K, Koyama N: High activity of adenyl cyclase in olfactory and gustatory organs. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1972;48:30-33

17. Sklar PB, Anholt RRH, Snyder SH: The odrant-sensitive adenylate cyclase of olfactory receptor cells. j Biol Chem 1986;261:15538-15543

18. Doty RL, Kreiss DS, Frye RE: Human odor intensity perception: Correlation with frog epithelial adenylate cyclase activity and transepithelial voltage response. Brain Res 1990;527:130-134

19. Buck L, Axel R: A novel multigene family may encode odorant receptors: A molecular basis for odor recognition. Cell 1991;65:175-187

20. Selble LA, Townsend-Nicholson A, Llsmaa TP, et al: Novel G protein-coupled receptors: A gene family of putative human olfactory receptor sequences. Brain Res 1991;13:159-163

21. Sullivan SL, Ressler KJ, Buck LB: Spatial patterning and information coding in the olfactory system. Curr Opin Genet Devel 1995;5:516-523

22. Vassar R, Ngal I, Axel R: Spatial segregation of odorant receptor expression in the mammalian olfactory epithelium. Cell 1993;74:309-318

23. Nakamura T, Gold GH: A cyclic nucleotide-gated conductance in olfactory receptor cilia. Nature 1987;325:442-444

24. Restrepo D, Miyamoto T, Bryant BP, et al: Odor stimuli trigger influx of calcium into olfactory neurons of the channel catfish. Science 1990;249:1166-1168

25. Breer H, Boekhoff I: Odorants of the same odor class activate different second messenger pathways. Chem Senses 1991;16:19-29

26. Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment, 2nd ed. Chicago, American Medical Association, 19 84.

27. Doty RL, Shaman P, Dann M: Development of the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test: A standardized microencapsulated test of olfactory function. Physiol Behav 1984;32:489-502

28. Doty RL: The Smell Identification Test

Administration Manual, 3rd ed. Haddon Heights, NJ, Sensonics, 199 5.

29. Doty RL, Marcus A, Lee WW: The development of the 12-item cross-cultural smell identification test (CC-SIT). Laryngoscope 1996;106:353-356

30. Yoshida M: Correlation analysis of detection threshold data for "standard test" odors. Bull Facul SciEng Chuo Univ 1984;27:343-35..

31. Amoore JE, Ollman BG: Practical test kits for quantiatively evaluating the sense of smell. Rhinology 1983;21:49-54

32. Neuman NH, DiLoreto DA, Ho JT, et al: Bilateral optic neuropathy and osteolytic sinusitis. jama 1988;259:72-74

33. Mela DJ: Smokeless tobacco and taste sensitivity. n Engl j Med 1987;316:1165-1166

34. Doty RL, Kobal G: Current trends in the measurement of olfactory function. In Doty RL (ed): Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1995, pp 191-22 5.

35. Henkin RI, Schechter PJ, Friedewald WT, et al: A double blind study of the effects of zinc sulfate on taste and smell dysfunction. Am j Med Sci 1976;272:285-299

36. Lezak MD: Neuropsychological Assessment, 3rd ed. New York, Oxford University Press, 199 .

37. Lovell MA, Jafek BW, Moran DT, et al: Biopsy of human olfactory mucosa: An instrument and a technique. Arch Otolaryngol 1982;108:247-249

38. Lanza DC, Moran DT, Doty RL, et al: Endoscopic human olfactory biopsy technique: A preliminary report. Laryngoscope 1993;103:815-819

39. Doty RL, Shaman P, Applebaum SL, et al: Smell identification ability: Changes with age. Science 1984;226:1441-1443

40. Finelli PF, Mair RG: Disturbances of taste and smell. In Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Marsden CD (eds): Neurology in Clinical Practice, Vol 1. Boston, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1991, pp 209-2 16.

41. Costanzo RM, DiNardo LJ: Head injury and olfaction. In Doty RL (ed): Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1995, pp 493-50 2.

42. Yousem DM, Geckle RJ, Bilker W, et al: MR evaluation of patients with congenital hyposmia or anosmia. Am j Radiology 1996;166:439-443

43. Leopold DA, Schwob JE, Youngentob SL, et al: Successful treatment of phantosmia with preservation of olfaction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg I99i;ii7:i402-i40t.

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45. Henkin RI, Bartter FC: Studies on olfactory thresholds in normal man and in patients with adrenal cortical insufficiency: The role of adrenal cortical steroids and of serum sodium concentration. J Clin

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47. Kosten T, Contreras RJ: Adrenalectomy reduces peripheral neural responses to gustatory stimuli in the rat. BehavNeurosci i985;99:734-74i

48. Doty RL, Deems DA, Frye R, et al: Olfactory sensitivity, nasal resistance, and autonomic function in the multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg i988;ii4:i422-i427.

49. Eichenbaum H, Morton TH, Potter H, et al: Selective olfactory deficits in case H.M. Brain i983;i06:459-4 2.

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A Disquistion On The Evils Of Using Tobacco

A Disquistion On The Evils Of Using Tobacco

Among the evils which a vitiated appetite has fastened upon mankind, those that arise from the use of Tobacco hold a prominent place, and call loudly for reform. We pity the poor Chinese, who stupifies body and mind with opium, and the wretched Hindoo, who is under a similar slavery to his favorite plant, the Betel but we present the humiliating spectacle of an enlightened and christian nation, wasting annually more than twenty-five millions of dollars, and destroying the health and the lives of thousands, by a practice not at all less degrading than that of the Chinese or Hindoo.

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