Speechrelated Disorders

Phonic ties and vocalization

Reiterative speech

Echolalia

Palilalia

Stuttering

Logoclonia speech organs. Defects in articulation may be subdivided into several types: flaccid, spastic, ataxic, hypo/hyperkinetic, and mixed. FLACCID DYSARTHRIA

Flaccid dysarthria is also called lower motor neuron dysarthria or bulbar paralysis. This is due to disease affecting motor neurons in the medulla and lower pons or their intramedullary or peripheral extensions. Speech becomes slurred and progressively less distinct. There is special difficulty in the enunciation of vibrative letters such as "R"; lingual and labial consonants may become impossible with advancing paralysis. Speech has a nasal quality with bilateral paralysis of the palate as may be seen with diphtheria and poliomyelitis and in progressive bulbar palsy. The voice may have a raspy quality because of vocal cord paralysis. Facial diplegia as in Guillain-Barre(c) syndrome affects the

_TABLE 6-3 -- LANGUAGE DISORDERS_

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Stuttering Simple Techniques to Help Control Your Stutter

Stuttering Simple Techniques to Help Control Your Stutter

Discover Simple Techniques to Help Control Your Stutter. Stuttering is annoying and embarrassing. If you or a member of your family stutters, you already know the impact it can have on your everyday life. Stuttering interferes with communication, and can make social situations very difficult. It can even be harmful to your school or business life.

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