Speechrelated Disorders

Phonic ties and vocalization

Reiterative speech

Echolalia

Palilalia

Stuttering

Logoclonia speech organs. Defects in articulation may be subdivided into several types: flaccid, spastic, ataxic, hypo/hyperkinetic, and mixed. FLACCID DYSARTHRIA

Flaccid dysarthria is also called lower motor neuron dysarthria or bulbar paralysis. This is due to disease affecting motor neurons in the medulla and lower pons or their intramedullary or peripheral extensions. Speech becomes slurred and progressively less distinct. There is special difficulty in the enunciation of vibrative letters such as "R"; lingual and labial consonants may become impossible with advancing paralysis. Speech has a nasal quality with bilateral paralysis of the palate as may be seen with diphtheria and poliomyelitis and in progressive bulbar palsy. The voice may have a raspy quality because of vocal cord paralysis. Facial diplegia as in Guillain-Barre(c) syndrome affects the

_TABLE 6-3 -- LANGUAGE DISORDERS_

Stammering Its Cause and Its Cure

Stammering Its Cause and Its Cure

This book discusses the futility of curing stammering by common means. It traces various attempts at curing stammering in the past and how wasteful these attempt were, until he discovered a simple program to cure it. The book presents the life of Benjamin Nathaniel Bogue and his struggles with the handicap. Bogue devotes a great deal of text to explain the handicap of stammering, its effects on the body and psychology of the sufferer, and its cure.

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