Domains of worry

Considering its history of neglect by researchers, the area of worry can boast a surprisingly large number of questionnaire intruments designed to tap the various domains or concerns that individuals worry about. These include the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ; Meyer, Miller, Metzger, & Borkovec, 1990), the Worry Domains Questionnaire (WDQ; Tallis, Eysenck, & Mathews, 1992); and the Anxious Thoughts Inventory (AnTI: Wells, 1994).

So, for example, Tallis et al.'s 30-item WDQ focuses on six clusters of concern to potential worriers: relationships; lack of confidence; aimless future; work incompetence; financial concerns; and sociopolitical concerns. Interestingly, the initial study using the WDQ indicated that the most important domain of concern was the sociopolitical; however, as Eysenck (1992) indicates "It appears improbable that most people actually worry more about issues such as the starving millions in the Third World or violations of human rights, than about themselves and their future. It seems likely that social desirability bias affected responding within the sociopolitical domain" (p. 103). Nevertheless, other studies by Tallis and his colleagues (e.g., Tallis, et al., 1991a) provide some further support for the psychological validity of five or six different principal worry domains.

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Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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