If a theory doesn't butter any parsnips, then, however grand it may appear, it will be of little scientific value. We hope that we have demonstrated throughout this book that the SPAARS approach makes interesting empirical predictions and that it can be tested against rival theories. We believe that the SPAARS model provides a unique multi-level approach to emotion. The derivation of complex emotions and emotional disorders from the underlying basic emotions of fear, sadness, anger, disgust, and happiness provides a fruitful analysis of these often puzzling phenomena. Whether or not you are persuaded by the arguments that we have mustered, we hope that you may at least have been led to reconsider some of your own assumptions about the emotions and their disorders. Our own views have certainly changed in the process of trying to articulate these ideas, so that we are now beginning to understand the point from which we started. Our proposed two routes to emotion, we believe, offer both a more sophisticated understanding of the development of emotional disorders and, we hope, a more complex approach to their treatment.
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