Mathews, Mogg, May, and Eysenck (1988) investigated explicit and implicit memory in groups of people with GAD, recovered anxious participants, and controls. The explicit memory task was a free recall paradigm and, in line with previous findings with GAD patients (e.g., Mogg, Mathews, & Weinman, 1987), there were no significant effects. The implicit memory paradigm was a word completion task. The participants were simply instructed to complete a word stem with the first word that came to mind. The extent to which the previous presentation of list words increased the tendency to produce those words as completions was the measure of implicit memory. The results showed that the currently anxious patients produced more word completions that corresponded to threat-related list words, but fewer corresponding to non-threatening list words, than did the normal control participants. The performance of the recovered anxious group was closer to that of the normal controls than that of the currently anxious patients. In their summary of subsequent similar studies, Coles and Heimberg (2002) found general support for the proposal that there are no explicit memory biases in GAD with only one of nine studies finding such a bias, but mixed support for an implicit bias with two of four studies finding evidence of an implicit bias in GAD.
Was this article helpful?
This guide Don't Panic has tips and additional information on what you should do when you are experiencing an anxiety or panic attack. With so much going on in the world today with taking care of your family, working full time, dealing with office politics and other things, you could experience a serious meltdown. All of these things could at one point cause you to stress out and snap.