Schematic models revisited

At different points in the chapter we have underlined the central importance of the schematic model level of representation for an understanding of emotions within SPAARS. We have described how schematic models represent higher-order meaning abstracted from information at other levels of the system (cf. Teasdale & Barnard,

1993). In addition, we have discussed the interactive relationship between schematic models and goals, with the content and structure of the schematic model delineating the sorts of goals generated as well as the model itself being a function of the individual's goal history. Finally, we have proposed that the paradigmatic route to the generation of emotions within SPAARS is via appraisal at the schematic model level of representation.

There remains one further piece to the schematic model jigsaw: the models' organising role with respect to the rest of SPAARS because SPAARS is conceived of as a self-organising system. The representations that are active at any one time across the different levels are a function of the schematic models that are currently dominant. So if, for example, generally positive schematic models of the self are dominant, the positive, self-related information will be more active and accessible at the propositional and analogical levels. Furthermore, other aspects of the cognitive system such as attention, perception, and memory will be biased in favour of information congruent with the dominant schematic models. This final aspect of schematic models is elaborated in various ways in the next sections on consciousness, inhibition, and modularity.

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Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

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