There now exists a group of so-called social-cognitive theories of psychopathology in which it is argued that vulnerability to emotional disorders cannot solely be located in factors internal to the individual nor in factors that are solely external. Instead, it is proposed that there is a complex interaction between the internal and the external and, as such, they represent a type of diathesis-stress model in which an external stressor is problematic for an individual with a relevant vulnerability (see Hammen, 2005, for a more detailed recent review). Such theories have probably been best developed in relation to depression (see Chapter 7), but they have also been considered in relation to anger (see Chapter 8) and anxiety disorders (see Chapter 6). For this reason we will look briefly at some of the work on depression, but leave the work on anger and anxiety until the second part of the book.
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