An answer to this final question lies at the heart of what we are hoping to achieve in this book. The majority of extant theories are concerned with explaining so-called normal emotions (see the current chapter and Chapter 3) or else present an analysis of a specific emotional "disorder" such as depression or generalised anxiety disorder (see
Chapters 4, 6, and 7). However, we would contend that, just as each human being seems to have the potential for both emotional order and disorder, so it seems that there is the potential for a single theory that can cast some light on both types of experience. With this in mind we consider some of the traditional attempts at answering these eight questions, beginning with the ideas of the ancient Greeks.
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