Observation in a controlled environment

Because of difficulties in collecting reliable observational data in the field, observation in developmental psychology usually takes place in a carefully controlled setting. There are three main advantages to observation in a controlled setting. First, it allows direct comparisons of the behaviour of different children since all participants in a study are observed in an identical setting in which the same kind of events occur. Secondly, because the choice of the setting limits the number of...

Phoneme manipulation not onsetrime manipulation ability is a unique predictor of early reading

1McGill University, Montreal, Canada 2London Borough of Sutton, UK There is now an enormous amount of convergent evidence from longitudinal, experimental and intervention studies of both good and poor readers suggesting that phonological awareness, or the ability to reflect upon the phonological structure of language, is closely and probably causally linked to successful reading (e.g., Adams, 1990 Brady & Shankweiler, 1991 Bradley & Bryant, 1983 Ehri et al., 2001 Wagner et al., 1997)....

Because its there Why some children count rather than infer numerical relationships

Kevin Muldoon, Charlie Lewis, John Towse Lancaster University, UK The development of children's numerical skills appears to incorporate several paradoxes. As Feigenson, Dehaene and Spelke (2004) note, mathematics is at once both obvious and obscure. On the one hand, young children show sophisticated insights into the preciseness of numbers (Sarnecka & Gelman, 2004) and infants distinguish both discrete and continuous quantities (see Feigenson et al., 2004). On the other hand, they also...

Ways of reading How knowledge and use of strategies are related to reading comprehension

The main aim of this study was to investigate the use of metacognitive knowledge in the reading of text by children with a specific difficulty in reading comprehension. Such children are characterised as having normal (i.e. age-appropriate) reading at the singleword level and a good understanding of individual clauses (as evidenced by syntactic understanding) but they have a below-age ability to understand text In particular, they find it hard to answer questions about a text they have just...