Social psychology

An object is seen as a constant size despite its changing size in the retinal image. Skinner saw language merely as a product of trial and error, reinforcement and behaviour shaping. Parents, peers, school, etc., for example. This is where the participant tries to 'look good' or respond in a socially desirable way. Social psychology is about understanding individual behaviour in a social context. Baron, Byrne & Suls (1989) define it as 'the scientific field that seeks to understand the...

Key theoriesstages of physical development

There are subsequently several areas of physical development that should be considered Physical development height and weight Growth rate in the first two years is considerable, with birth weight often doubling by 6 months and tripling by the end of the first year. However, since this rate of growth would be unsustainable, from this point to puberty it slows, averaging 2-3 inches in height and 6-7 pounds in weight each year (D.R. Shaffer, 1993). Physical development skeletal and muscular...