Where does prostate cancer spread

As the prostate cancer grows, it grows through the prostate, the prostate capsule, and the fat that surrounds the prostate capsule. Because the prostate gland lies below the bladder and attaches to it, the prostate cancer can also grow up into the base of the bladder.

Prostate cancer can also grow into the seminal vesicles, which are located adjacent to the prostate. It may continue to grow locally in the pelvis into muscles within the pelvis; into the rectum, which lies behind the prostate; or into the sidewall of the pelvis. The spread of cancer to other sites is called metastasis. When prostate cancer spreads outside of the capsule and the fatty tissue, it usually goes to two main areas in the body: the lymph nodes that drain the prostate and the bones. The more commonly involved lymph nodes are those in the pelvis (Figure 5), and bones that are more

Seminal vesicles

Glandular structures that are located above and behind the prostate. They produce fluid that is part of the ejaculate.

Prostate Carcinoma Lymphatic Drainage

Figure 5 Lymph node drainage from the prostate.

From Prostate and Cancer by Sheldon H.F. Marks. Copyright © 1995 by Sheldon Marks. Reprinted with permission of Perseus Books Publishers, a member of Perseus Books, LLC.

Figure 5 Lymph node drainage from the prostate.

From Prostate and Cancer by Sheldon H.F. Marks. Copyright © 1995 by Sheldon Marks. Reprinted with permission of Perseus Books Publishers, a member of Perseus Books, LLC.

commonly affected are the spine (backbones) and the ribs. Less commonly, prostate cancer can spread to solid organs in the body, such as the liver.

The goal of any screening is to evaluate populations of people in an effort to diagnose the disease early.

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