FIGURE 14.105 Biotransformation of (+)- (93) and (-)-carvone (93') by various kinds of microorganisms. (Modified from Noma, Y. and C. Tatsumi, 1973. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi, 47: 705-711; Noma, Y. et al., 1974b. Agric. Biol. Chem., 38: 735-740; Noma, Y. et al., 1974c. Proc. 18th TEAC, pp. 20-23; Noma, Y. and S. Nonomura, 1974. Agric. Biol. Chem, 38: 741-744; Noma, Y., 1976. Ann. Res. Stud. Osaka Joshigakuen Junior College, 20: 33-47; Noma, Y., 1977. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi, 51: 463-470.)

Consequently, the metabolic pathways of carvone by microorganisms were summarized as the following eight groups (Figure 14.105).

Group 1. (-)-Carvone (93')- (+)-dihydrocarvone (101a')-(+)-neodihydrocarveol (102a') Group 2. 93'-101a'-(-)-Dihydrocarveol (102b')

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