S

Sacaca, Euphorbiaceae, 247 Safety evaluation of essential oils, 185-187 constituent-based evaluation, 187 constituents, and congeneric groups, safety considerations for, 193-195 food, scope in, 187

chemical assay requirements and chemical description, 190-193 chemical composition and congeneric groups, 188-190

flavor functions, processing for, 188 plant sources, 187-188 guide and example, 195-204 Safrol, 306 Safrole, 930, 931 Sage, 42, 884 Sage leaf, 888 St Louis World's Fair, 846 Salads, 872-873 Salicylic acid, 127 Salinity, 70 Salmonella, 888 Salmonella choleraesuis, 888 Salmonella essen, 888 Salmonella typhimurium, 888 Salt stress, 70

Salvia africana-caerulea, 252 Salvia africana-lutea, 252 Salvia chamelaeagnea, 252 Salvia fruticosa, 42, 264, 888 Salvia. fruticosa, 42 Salvia L., 42, 264 Salvia lanceolata, 252 Salvia officinalis, 42, 43, 884 Salvia repens, 264 Salvia runcinata, 264

Salvia sclarea, 330 Salvia stenophylla, 264 Sandalwood, 554 Santalaceae, 244 Santalol (503), 823 Santalum album, 244, 554 Santolina triene, 250 Sapodilla tree gum, 846 Sarcoptes scabiei, 317 Sassafras, 569 Sassafras oil, 899 Saturated ketone, 667, 701 Satureja hortensis, 267 Satureja hortensis, 240, 241 Satureja khuzestanica, 252, 333 Satureja montana L., 267, 268 Satureja thymbra, 241 Saussurea, 779 Saussurea rarfix, 767 Savory, 267, 268 Scavangers, 256 Schizogenic oil ducts, 40 Schizosaccharomyces pombe, 804 Schueller, Eugene, 845

Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers, 918-920 Sclareolide (402), 803 (+)-Sclareolide (402), 805, 806 Sclerotinia sclerotiorumn, 783 Scodella method, 97 Scrophulariaceae, 246 Sea purslane, 259 Sea wormwood, 260

Secretory structures, direct sampling from, 7-8 Seed and clones, propagation from, 94-95 Selected standard price, and organic essential oils, 851 Selective ion monitoring, 21 Semmler, F. W., 4 Semple, William, 846 Senecio mikanioides O., 237 Sensory memory, 293 Sesquiterpene-less essential oils, 114 Sesquiterpenes, 41, 130, 135-140, 250, 820-823, 904 by cytochrome p-450, 819 by insects, 819 by mammals, 819 by microorganisms, 738 Sesquiterpenes metabolism caryophyllene, 227, 229 farnesol, 227, 229, 231 longifolene, 229, 231 patchouli alcohol, 230 Sesuvium portulacastrum, 259 7a-Hydroxyfrullanolide (223), 778 Seventh Amendment of Cosmetic Directive, 920-921 SFC. See Supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) SFC-MS and SFC-FTIR spectroscopy, couplings of, 27 Sfumatrici methods, 97 Shell ginger, 242

Shikimic acid derivatives, 126-129 Shiromodiol diacetate (136), 765 Shisool, 718

Shisool-8,9-epoxide, 718

6-Shogaol (608), 834

Sideritis varoi, 764

Silica gel, 19

Silver pipestem tree, 249

Simmondsia californica, 561

Sister-chromatid-exchange assay, 238

Sluggish wormwood, 260

Sobrerol, 709, 717, 720

Soda water, 845

Sodium lauryl sulphate, 256

Soil quality and preparation, 90

SoledumĀ®, 336

Solidago altissima, 757, 763, 820

Solid-phase microextraction, 6, 10, 17

Solubility test, 153-154

Solvent vapor exit, 25

Soups, 871

Sources, of essential oils, 39

genetic and protein engineering, 53-54 identification, of source materials, 52-53 international standards, for wild collection and cultivation FairWild, 73 GA(C)P, 72 ISSC-MAP, 72-73 phytochemical variation chemotaxonomy, 41-42 inter- and intraspecific variation, 42-52 resources of essential oils, 54

domestication and systematic cultivation, 59-60 plant material production, factors influencing, 60-71

wild collection and sustainability, 58-59 South American orange juice factory, 897 Soya bean, 561

SP2/0 (mouse plasmocytoma), 237, 247 Span 80, 256 Spathulenol, 250 Spathulenol (94), 756

biotransformation by Aspergillus niger, 759 (-)Spathulenol, 244 Special sfumatrici method, 97 Spectrophotometric assay, 257 Sphaeranthus indicus, 775 Spice rack, of essential oils oil mixture and oil seasoning, preparation of, 866-867 Spiked thyme, 269 Spike lavender, 556 Spodoptera litura, 596, 720 Spodptera litura, 610

Spontaneous electroencephalogram activity, 285-289 Sporotrichum pulverulentum, 785 Squamulosone (77), 756

biotransformation by Mucor plumbeus, 758 Staphylococcus aureus, 323, 788 Staphylococcus epidermidis, 323, 804 Star anise oil, 536 inhibitory data obtained in agar diffusion test, 500-501 obtained in dilution test, 502 obtained in vapor phase test, 502 Steam distillation, 99-117

Stir bar sorptive extraction, 10-11 Storage and transport, of essential oils dangerous substance and dangerous goods, 907-908 illegal marketing, in EU, 905-907 labeling, 910-912 marketing, 903-905 packing of dangerous goods, 908-910 Strawberry everlasting, 249 Strawflower, 261 Streblus asper Lour., 238 Streptococcus mutans, 320 Streptomyces bottropensis, 717 Streptomyces fulvissimus, 777, 778, 781 Streptomyces ikutamanensis, 593 Styrax, 554 Styrax officinalis, 554

Styrene monomer/propylene oxide process, 142 Subambient trapping technique, 23 Substances in flavorings and food ingredients, 931-932 not added, to food, 930 Sugandha kokila oil, 569 Summer savory, 240, 267 Sunflower, 561

Supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC), 20 Supercritical fluid chromatography-gas chromatography, 26-27

Supercritical fluid extraction-gas chromatography, 26

Superficial cells, 91

Superoxide anions, 258

Superoxide dismutase, 256

Superoxide radical, 256

Supply chain flowchart from distiller to finished products, 897 Suprathreshold fragrances, 295 Sweet basil, 269 Sweet Florentine, 880 Sweet orange oil, 536 inhibitory data obtained in agar diffusion test, 503-507 obtained in dilution test, 508-510 obtained in vapor phase test, 511 Synthesis of essential oil components, 140-149 Syphacia obvelata, 885 Syrian oregano, 265 Syrup Mint-Orange, 871 Syzygium aromaticum, 271, 331, 885

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