Memory Research Has Two Different Goals

Since the early 1980s, an expanding line of research in errors and distortions of memory has emerged (for a critical review see Koriat, Goldsmith & Pansky, 2000), encompassing the following eleven research areas Gestalt approach to changes in memory over time, spatial memory and distortion, memory for gist versus detail, schema-based effects on memory accuracy, source monitoring, illusions stemming from fluency misattribution, false recall and recognition, misleading postevent information,...

References

R. (1991) Averaged Faces are Attractive, But Very Attractive Faces are Not Average, Psychol. Sci. 2, 123-125. Antenna. (2002) Tutankhamun beneath the mask, Science Museum http www. Benson P. and Perrett D. (1992) Face to Face with the Perfect Image, New Scientist 22nd February, 26-29. Brace C. L. (1996) In Race and Other Misadventures Essays in Honor of Ashley Montagu in His Ninetieth Year (T. Reynolds and L. Lieberman, eds.). General Hall, New York, pp. 106-141....

Face As A Microsoft Excel Sheet

3D-Rugle3 provides a facility for the export of facial scans to a comma-separated-value (.csv) file that can be imported into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The inherent limitation of Excel for this purpose is that there are a maximum of 256 columns in a spreadsheet and thus exported images must be reduced in size by a scale factor of 0.5. After all images had been aligned they were saved as 256 X 256 arrays in Excel sheets, the number in each cell being the z value of the surface at the (x, y)...

Photography

Participants were photographed, in smiling and neutral expressions, in both frontal and right side profile, on a specially designed craniofacial photography rig that is similar to that described by Dobrostanski and Owen (1998). The rig is a permanent structure that enables frontal and profile photographs to be taken simultaneously (see for images Stephan 2003, Stephan et al. 2004). The rig uses two cameras that are fitted with 105 mm 1 2.8 Macro Nikor lenses, and the camera shutters are...

Appendix

Table of landmarks for the profile delineation map (Figure 6.3(b)). Left-side bilateral landmarks and landmarks falling midway between two other landmarks are not shown. Standard anthropological landmarks are shown in bold type. point at corneal junction with lower lid point at corneal junction with upper lid most lateral point of epicanthal fold most anterior point of epicanthal fold most anterior point on upper vermillion border labriale superius approximation (ls) point at junction of upper...

How Successful Is Facial Approximation

If the bones of the skull and the soft tissues of the face are interrelated, it stands to reason that the anatomy of the former will predict that of the latter, but is it predictable There have been many successes reported in the literature, and forensic sculptural approximation remains a popular if last-ditch attempt to identify unknown remains (Prag and Neave 1997b). Given all the problems associated with the reproduction of soft-tissue structures, it is perhaps not surprising that facial...