Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a rapidly growing worldwide pandemic, and cigarette smoking is responsible for about 10% of the incidence of type 2 diabetes. A dose-response relationship exists, with the risk increasing in direct proportion to the number of cigarettes smoked. People who smoke more than one pack a day have about double the risk for diabetes as nonsmokers, and the risk is still 1.5 times greater for those who smoke only 1 to 14 cigarettes a day (Manson et al., 2000; Willi et al., 2007). Smoking increases the risk for development of the metabolic syndrome and its attendant cardiovascular consequences (Chiolero et al., 2008).

Patients with diabetes who smoke are at increased risk for both micro- and macrovascular complications. Cigarette smoking increases the risk for diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy. This association is strongest in patients requiring insulin for control. Smoking cessation is essential for preventing diabetic complications.

The Smoker's Sanctuary

The Smoker's Sanctuary

Save Your Lungs And Never Have To Spend A Single Cent Of Ciggies Ever Again. According to a recent report from the U.S. government. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than twenty percent of male and female adults in the U.S. smoke cigarettes, while more than eighty percent of them light up a cigarette daily.

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