The newborn eye examination can be difficult immediately after birth, when the face may be edematous, and an assistant may help to hold the eyelid open. The sclera should be white but may appear a faint blue in premature infants. The pupils should be symmetric and reactive. A red reflex (reflex off the retina as viewed through ophthalmoscope) should be present bilaterally. In dark-skinned infants the retinal reflex can appear pale or grayish white (Tappero and Honeyfield,

2003). Absence of a retinal reflex can indicate a congenital cataract, and a bright white or asymmetric reflex may be seen with retinoblastoma. Subconjunctival hemorrhage can be seen, more frequently with traumatic labor or delivery, and often clears within the first few days of life. Prominent epi-canthal folds over the medial upper aspect of the eye can be seen in Down syndrome but can also be a familial trait.

Soccer Fitness 101

Soccer Fitness 101

Be a star on the field in no time! Get Fit For The Soccer Field In 10 Easy Steps! With soccer season looming just around the corner it’s never too early to start getting ready. Soccer is an intense game, and it’s going to take a lot of work on your part to make sure that you’re ready to stay ahead of your competition out on that field.

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