Hydrocele

Hydroceles are fluid accumulations in the tunica vaginalis and can be primary, resulting from a failure of the processus vaginalis to close during development, or secondary to epididymitis, orchitis, testicular torsion, trauma, or tumors (Brenner and Ojo, 2004). Hydroceles typically transillumi-nate, whereas inguinal hernias do not. In young children, management is supportive, with the hydrocele often resolving by age 2 years. Hydroceles presenting beyond 2 years or those associated with inguinal hernias require surgical consultation. Also, some hydroceles are communicating; that is, fluid can pass from the peritoneal cavity into the hydrocele. These may change in size with activity or during the day and need surgical evaluation (Schneck and Bellinger, 2007). Hydroceles arising de novo in adults often have a secondary cause and require evaluation (Dogra et al., 2003).

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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