Interpreting the Medical Literature Applying Evidence Based Medicine in Practice

Jeff Susman, Bernard Ewigman, Keith B. Holten, and Douglas R. Smucker

Chapter contents

Building Clinical Evidence from Published Research

112

Interpreting Study Results: Statistical and Clinical Significance 115

Case-Control Studies

113

Other Keys to Interpreting Clinical Evidence 115

Cohort Studies

113

Using Evidence at the Point of Care 116

Structured Reviews and Meta-Analysis

113

Case Example 116

The Power of Randomized, Controlled Trials

113

Evidence Levels 119

Understanding the Statistical Significance of Study Results

114

• Interpreting the medical literature is a task any physician can do, particularly when using common, evidence-based summaries that are available at low or no cost.

• The studies should report statistically significant results that are applicable to the physician's population of patients and that should evaluate important patient-oriented outcomes, including potential harms.

• When potentially changing practice behavior, the physician should assess whether the evidence is from high-quality studies replicated over time.

• The medical literature is an evolving body of evidence, and each physician should develop a personal plan to keep up with important changes in medicine and strategies to answer more immediately important clinical questions at the point of care.

• Using summary measures, such as the number needed to treat or harm and attributable risk, can make decisions about patient care more collaborative and transparent

Curing Eczema Naturally

Curing Eczema Naturally

Do You Suffer From the Itching, Redness and Scaling of Chronic Eczema? If so you are not ALONE! It strikes men and women young and old! It is not just

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment