Key Points

• Concussion is a neurologic disturbance with variable symptoms, including confusion, headache, vision problems, nausea, balance problems, amnesia, and loss of consciousness.

• Concussion assessment includes evaluation of cranial nerves, pupillary dilation and reactivity, balance and coordination, motor strength, and cognitive function.

• A player should never return to play while symptomatic from a concussion.

• Once asymptomatic, athletes should follow a stepwise and graded exercise program before return to play.

• Neuropsychological testing can aid return-to-play decisions for complex concussions.

In 1966 the Congress of Neurological Surgeons proposed a consensus definition of concussion. Since then, both the definition and our understanding of concussion have been evolving. A concussion is defined as a traumatically induced transient disturbance in neurologic function, usually caused by a direct blow to the head, neck, or face (Aubry et al., 2002).

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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