Key Points

• Patients with proteinuria and elevated Upr/UCr should be evaluated for chronic kidney disease. The serum creatinine level may not correlate with glomerular filtration rate; GFR estimates are adequate to diagnose kidney disease; 24-hour urine testing is usually not needed.

• Patients with chronic kidney disease need systemic management.

• Enuresis typically resolves with age. A bed-wetting alarm is effective if treatment is needed.

• Erectile dysfunction has many causes and may be a marker of vascular disease.

• Pelvic floor muscle exercises are first-line treatment for stress and mixed urinary incontinence.

• Anticholinergic drugs and trospium are effective treatments for urge incontinence.

• Anticholinergic drugs for an overactive bladder may not have clinically significant benefits and often cause dry mouth.

• Men with recurrent kidney stones and idiopathic hypercalciuria should be on a low-sodium, low-protein diet. Low-calcium diets do not reduce stone formation.

• Non-contrast-enhanced CT is the test of choice for diagnosing kidney stones.

Soccer Fitness 101

Soccer Fitness 101

Be a star on the field in no time! Get Fit For The Soccer Field In 10 Easy Steps! With soccer season looming just around the corner it’s never too early to start getting ready. Soccer is an intense game, and it’s going to take a lot of work on your part to make sure that you’re ready to stay ahead of your competition out on that field.

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