Key Treatment

Tight diabetic and optimal BP control reduces risks and progression of retinopathy (ADA, 2005, 2009; DCCT, 1993; UKPDS, 1998) (SOR: A).

Type 1 and 2 diabetic patients should be examined for retinopathy annually (Klein, 2003; Vijan et al., 2000) (SOR: B). Preferably, a retinologist should follow patients with any degree of retinopathy, including marked nonproliferative change, proliferative change, or macular edema, because laser therapy reduces the risk of vision loss for these conditions (ETDRS, 1991) (SOR: A).

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