Key Treatment

Risk management: A therapeutic lifestyle based on achieving weight control and maintaining physical fitness can delay the onset of diabetes mellitus in persons in the high-risk groups (ADA, 2009; Knowler et al., 2002; Tuomeilehto et al., 2001) (SOR: A). Global risk management: All patients should be advised not to smoke. Patients with blood pressure greater than 130/80 mm Hg should receive pharmacologic therapy in addition to lifestyle therapy. Even in patients without overt cardiovascular disease, the primary goal is LDL level less than 100 mg/dL (ADA, 2009; Haffner, 1998; Haire-Joshu et al., 1999; Hanson et al., 1998; UKPDS, 1998b; Vaccaro et al., 2004) (SOR: A).

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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