Management

Early intervention is important because the younger children are treated, the better the outcome. The most successful programs utilize a multidisciplinary approach that includes behavior modification, development of social communication, active involvement of parents and families, and use of psychotropic medications for dangerous behaviors that do not respond to behavior modification (Myers et al., 2007). Referral to an established program is recommended. Despite anecdotal reports of efficacy of alternative and complementary treatments, none of these has shown benefit in clinically controlled trials. Less than 5% of autistic people become self-sufficient adults, although one-third achieve some degree of independent living (Prater and Zylstra, 2002). Clear gain in language is the most important predictor of adult outcomes (Bryson et al., 2003)

KEY TREATMENT

Comprehensive treatments that address both the autistic child and the child's parents are "possibly efficacious" per meta-analysis (Rogers and Vismara, 2008) (SOR: B).

Risperidone effectively treats irritability, repetition, and social withdrawal in autism, with weight gain as the most prominent side effect (Jesner et al., 2007) (SOR: A).

Understanding And Treating Autism

Understanding And Treating Autism

Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.

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