Nonpharmacologic Interventions

Therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) is first-line therapy for patients at risk for cardiovascular events. Patients who smoke should stop. The amount of daily consumed cholesterol should be less than 200 mg. Table 27-2 summarizes the distribution of calories from nutrients. Reduced saturated fat and increased consumption of mono- and polyunsaturated fats promote serum LDL-C reduction. The ingestion of viscous fiber and plant stanols decrease cholesterol absorption. Ideally, patients should exercise for 20 to 30 minutes five times per week. Regular exercise promotes weight loss and relieves visceral adiposity and insulin resistance.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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