The Life Span Perspective

The life span perspective emphasizes the importance of an individual's place on his or her personal developmental trajectory. Past development, current status, and anticipated developmental changes and challenges are taken into account. On the biologic level, changes in cellular functions occur from infancy through old age; decline in physical stamina is one manifestation of this dynamic change. On the psychological level, personality interacts with ongoing changes that occur across the life span (e.g., becoming a parent), and each developmental stage brings its own psychosocial challenges. Erikson's eight stages of development highlight the importance of trust issues in infancy, autonomy issues in early childhood, and issues of generativity and meaning in old age (Erickson, 1959). On the social level, family and peer relationships change throughout life, with significant implications for health, which may be either positive or negative. For example, the typical adolescent's shift toward greater reliance on peer relationships may lead to behaviors that endanger health, such as smoking or substance abuse. The death of a husband who has been physically abusive may lead to improved well-being for the surviving wife. The primary care physician needs to keep the life span model in mind and assist patients in addressing psychosocial factors that facilitate or block health and development.

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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