Vision Screening and Ocular Examination

Appropriate vision screening is one of the most important factors in pediatric eye care. Because focused visual stimuli are critical to normal development, early detection and correction of visual problems reduce serious vision impairment or blindness. The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) strongly support the goal of early detection and treatment of eye problems in children. In particular, vision screening is needed to detect four major conditions: strabismus, amblyopia, ocular disease, and refractive errors. Family physicians are ideal vision screeners because of their ability to detect abnormalities at an early age. Essential components of vision screening are age, testing format, testing procedures, efficacy, and referral criteria. On a practical level, vision screening must be cost-effective and time-efficient. The testing devices must be readily available and relatively easy to use. High sensitivity is essential to keep overreferrals and underreferrals to a minimum.

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Curing Eczema Naturally

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