Duty as an Element of a Lawsuit Obligations and Responsibilities

The profession of genetic counseling has developed within the field of medicine. The majority of genetic counselors work with patients in a medical or private practice setting. Thus, we expect that a formal complaint by a patient about a genetic counselor, or what she has done, will come under the laws that have been applied in medicine. Whether a case is called wrongful birth or wrongful life, the title is a way to provide a shorthand description of the kinds of facts that are being asserted...

Confidentiality

When we talk about confidentiality, we are referring to the practice of not sharing information that someone has told us with the intention that it be only for our ears. The principle of confidentiality has both public health and individual health rationales. Socially and medically, it is important to encourage people to seek out and obtain medical care when it is needed. The promise of confidentiality enables vulnerable individuals to share what may be personal and otherwise embarrassing...

Informed Consent

The phrase informed consent was first used in 1957.180 The concept of informed consent is derived from the principle of respect for an individual's autonomy, or control over her own body.181 As part of that respect, decision making for medical treatment should come from the patient herself. In order to make the best decision, the patient needs to have a substantial understanding of the medical information, she has to be free from anyone else's control, and she has to then intentionally...