Electromagnetic Radiation and Oxidative Stress in the Male Germ Line

Geoffry N. De Iuliis, Bruce V. King, and R. John Aitken

Abstract The beneficial impacts of mobile-based communications on society are considerable. Health concerns over the broadcast of radio frequency electromagnetic waves, which carry the information for this medium, are now gaining momentum but are not without its controversies. Studies in the past that aim to determine whether concerns are warranted are sometimes lacking in impact because of poor understanding of radiation science. Nevertheless, the studies completed to date are important in developing the field toward the goal of confirming or disproving claims that radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) is a serious health issue. We focus on what has been achieved to date, toward determining the effects of RF-EMR on the male reproductive system and information presented which may underpin the potential mechanisms at play. We suggest that oxidative stress may have a key role in the detrimental effects observed in the human spermatozoon and that this cell type may be a unique model to determine the potential mechanism of action given its sensitivities to such stressors.

Keywords Electromagnetic radiation • Oxidative stress • Male germ line • Sperm oxidative stress • DNA damage

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Newcastle, Life Sciences, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia e-mail: [email protected]

Department of Physics, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia

A. Agarwal et al. (eds.), Studies on Men's Health and Fertility, Oxidative Stress 3

in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice, DOI 10.1007/978-1-61779-776-7_1, © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

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