In Vivo and In Vitro Antioxidant Treatments

Oral antioxidant supplements may be used to counteract OS and treat male infertility. Studies have shown that antioxidants correlate with improvement in sperm parameters; however, in excess, these oral antioxidant supplements may have detrimental effects [83]. As an example, improvement in sperm motility and lower levels of ROS were attributed to vitamin E and selenium oral supplementation [84]. Other antioxidant supplementations that have been proven to be effective in reducing ROS levels include glutathione, l-carnitine, vitamin A, and ^-acetyl cysteine [39, 50].

Antioxidant treatments can be also added to culture media in vitro during sperm preparation techniques in order to improve in vitro sperm fertilization ability. Vitamin C supplementation alone and in conjunction with vitamin E has been shown to be effective both orally and in culture media [85, 86]. Media supplementation with vitamin C and urate can lead to protection of spermatozoa from DNA damage [87].

100 Pregnancy Tips

100 Pregnancy Tips

Prior to planning pregnancy, you should learn more about the things involved in getting pregnant. It involves carrying a baby inside you for nine months, caring for a child for a number of years, and many more. Consider these things, so that you can properly assess if you are ready for pregnancy. Get all these very important tips about pregnancy that you need to know.

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