Lipid Peroxidation

Lipids are found in the sperm plasma membrane in form of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). These fatty acids contain double bonds that make them susceptible to attack by free radicals. The initial attack by the hydroxyl radical leads to a series of chemical reactions referred to as lipid peroxidation [7]. Lipid peroxidation results in damage of the axonemal structure, which has consequences related to sperm motility [8]. Lipid peroxidation is considered to be the first step to sperm dysfunction inflicted by ROS, as well as the most important pathologic process that results in the decrease of sperm parameters [9]. Oxidative damage to the sperm lipid membrane also leads to a loss of membrane integrity, and as a result DNA and proteins can become susceptible to damage.

Pregnancy Guide

Pregnancy Guide

A Beginner's Guide to Healthy Pregnancy. If you suspect, or know, that you are pregnant, we ho pe you have already visited your doctor. Presuming that you have confirmed your suspicions and that this is your first child, or that you wish to take better care of yourself d uring pregnancy than you did during your other pregnancies; you have come to the right place.

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