Risk factor physical inactivity

Map: Physical activity levels Non-EU countries

Unpublished preliminary analysis of the World Health Survey 2002-2003. Geneva, WHO.

Rutten A et al. Using different physical activity measurements in eight European countries. Results of the European Physical Activity Surveillance System (EUPASS) time series survey. Public health nutrition, 2003, 6(4):371-376.

World Health Survey. Eurobarometer: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Geneva, WHO http://www.who.int/ncd_surveillance/infobase/

EU countries

Rutten A, Abu-Omar K. Prevalence of physical activity in the European Union. Sozial- und Praventivmedizin/Social and Preventative Medicine, 2004, 49(4).

World Health Survey. Eurobarometer: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Geneva, WHO

http://www.who.int/ncd_surveillance/infobase/

Sitting

Rutten A et al. Using different physical activity measurements in eight European countries. Results of the European Physical Activity Surveillance System (EUPASS) time series survey. Public health nutrition, 2003, 6(4):371-376.

Physical activity

Department of Health, Hong Kong. Fact sheet on physical activity

http://www.info.gov.hk/dh/do_you_k/eng/ exercise.htm

Physical inactivity by social class in India

Singh RB, Sharma JP, Rastogi V, Niaz MA, Singh NK. Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in the Indian social class and heart survey. Journal of human hypertension, 1997, 11:51-56.

Singapore keeps moving

National Health Survey 1998. Singapore, Epidemiology and Disease Control Department, Ministry of Health, 1998.

Transport

American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA). Motor vehicle facts and figures 1996. Proceed with caution: growth in the global motor vehicle fleet. Washington DC, World Resources Institute, 1996, 44-47

http://www.wri.org/trends/autos2.html The global fleet

American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA). World motor vehicle data 1993; and Motor vehicle facts and figures 1996. Proceed with caution: growth in the global motor vehicle fleet. Washington, DC, World Resources Institute, 1996 http://www.wri.org/trends/autos2.html

Wow: Being physically active...; Text

Bull FC, Armstrong T, Dixon T, Ham S, Neiman A, Pratt M. Physical inactivity. Ezzati M, Lopez A, Rodgers A, Murray C, eds. Comparative quantification of health risks: global and regional burden of disease due to selected major risk factors. Geneva, WHO, 2004 (in press).

Wow: Worldwide, physical inactivity...

The World Health Report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva, WHO, 2002:61.

Matters of scale: November/ December 1997. Driving up CO2

http://www.worldwatch.org/pubs/mag/1997/106 /mos/

Renner M. Live online discussions. Five hundred million cars, one planet — Who's going to give? 8 August 2003 http://www.worldwatch.org/live/discussion/83/

Text

World Heart Federation. A global embrace for World Heart Day. Message from the President, 29 Sept 2002 http://www.worldheartday.org/WHDArchive/ whd2002/news/news.asp#

Kujala UM, Kaprio J, Sarna S, Koskenvuo M. Relationship of leisure-time physical activity and mortality: the Finnish twin cohort. Journal of the American Medical Association, 1998, 279:440-444.

HeartBytes. Reduce heart disease risk: encourage and prescribe exercise for your patients. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/470115? mpid=25341

Cervero R. Shapeless, spread out, skipped over and scattershot — sprawl sweeps the globe. The World Paper, http://www. worldpaper.com/2000/mar2000/ cervero.html

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