With 147 Figures
Dr. Adolfo Avella
Professor Dr. Ferdinando Mancini
Professor Dr., Dres. h. c. Manuel Cardona Professor Dr., Dres. h. c. Peter Fulde* Professor Dr., Dres. h. c. Klaus von Klitzing Professor Dr., Dres. h. c. Hans-Joachim Queisser
Max-Planck-Institut fur Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1,70569 Stuttgart, Germany * Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme, Nothnitzer Strasse 38 01187 Dresden, Germany
Professor Dr. Roberto Merlin Department of Physics, University of Michigan 450 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1040, USA
Professor Dr. Horst Stormer
Dept. Phys. and Dept. Appl. Physics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 and Bell Labs., Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ 07974, USA
Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences ISSN 0171-1873
ISBN 978-3-642-21830-9 e-ISBN 978-3-642-21831-6
Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht London New York
Library of Congress Control Number: 2011940501
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To Maria Marinaro, who introduced us to the wonderful field of many-body physics
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