Bulloch, W., and P. Fildes. 1911. Hemophilia. In Treasury of human inheritance, Parts V and VI, Sect. XlVa: 169-347. London. Colman, R. W., et al. 1987. Hemostasia and thrombosia, 2d edition. Philadelphia. Jandl, J. H. 1987. Blood: Textbook of hematology. Boston. Mammen, E. F. 1983. Congenital coagulation disorders.

Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis 9:1—72. Ratnoff, O. D. 1980. Why do people bleed? In Blood, pure and eloquent, ed. M. M. Wintrobe, 601-57. New York. Ratnoff, O. D., and C. D. Forbes. 1984. Disorders of hemostasis. Orlando, Fl. Stamatoyannopoulos, G., et al. 1987. The molecular basis of blood diseases. Philadelphia.

Table VIII.19.1. Types of Clostridium botulinum, susceptible species, and sites of outbreaks



Humans Humans, horses

Birds, turtles, cattle, sheep, horses Cattle, sheep

Humans, birds


No outbreaks recognized

Site of outbreaks


Australia, South Africa

Canada, Northern Europe, Japan, U.S., former U.S.S.R.

Source: L. Smith (1977), Botulism: The Organism, Its Toxins, the Disease. By courtesy of Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Springfield, 111.

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