Tularemia

Tularemia is primarily a specific, infectious disease of rodents and lagomorphs. The causative organism, however, has been isolated from over 100 species of mammals, 9 species of domestic animals, 25 species of birds, 70 species of insects, and several species of fish and amphibians. Humans can become infected by being bitten by infected blood-sucking insects, by handling infected animal carcasses, and by ingesting contaminated water or poorly cooked meat. In humankind, tularemia is an acute, infectious, moderately severe, febrile disease, which has a mortality rate of approximately 7 percent in untreated cases. The causative agent, Francisella (Pasteurella) tu-larensis, is a tiny gram-negative, pleomorphic coccobacillus requiring special media for isolation and growth. Tularemia is also know as deer-fly fever, Pahvant Valley plague, rabbit fever, Ohara's disease, yatobyo, and lemming fever.

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