Womens Diseases

Diseases of women discussed in the texts of this era include problems of pregnancy and childbirth, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, hypomenorrhea, hyper-menorrhea, oligomenorrhea, prolapsed and inverted uterus, cancers, and hysteria. Breast cancer is listed in the Tongui pogam in a discussion of lactation.

Abnormal conditions in pregnant women seem to have included eclampsia, unusual mental conditions, pyelonephritis, dysentery, malaria, and pain due to expansion of the heart and chest. After childbirth, women were susceptible to five kinds of fever due to the following: (1) excessive loss of blood leading to anemic fever; (2) uterine fever; (3) high fever caused by food poisoning; (4) high fever due to wind and cold; and (5) fever caused by inflammation of the mammary glands.

Other symptoms associated with diseases of women suggest painful disorders of the bladder and urethra, hernia, ovarian varicocele, and elephantiasis vulvae. A condition associated with inflammation, pus, and pain in the urethra and the surrounding muscles, said to come from "perverted" sexual acts, was probably due to gonorrhea. A condition called "poisonous urine" was associated with the discharge of pus and blood.

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