References

The Big Heart Disease Lie

Stop Heart Disease Book

Get Instant Access

1. Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, et al: Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 2004;27:1047-1053.

2. American Diabetes Association: National Diabetes Fact Sheet, Diabetes Statistics. Available at http://www.diabetes.org/ diabetes-statistics.jsp (accessed March 20, 2007).

3. American Heart Association: Heart Disease and Stroke Statis-tics—2006 Update. Dallas, Texas, 2006.

4. Dotevall A, Hasdai D, Wallentin L, et al: Diabetes mellitus: Clinical presentation and outcome in men and women with acute coronary syndromes. Data from the Euro Heart Survey ACS. Diabet Med 2005;22:1542-1550.

5. McKinlay J, Marceau L: US public health and the 21st century: Diabetes mellitus. Lancet 2000;356:757-761.

6. Hogan P, Dall T, Nikolov P: Economic costs of diabetes in the US in 2002. Diabetes Care 2003;26:917-932.

7. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 2006;29(Suppl 1):S43-S48.

8. Reaven GM. The metabolic syndrome: Is this diagnosis necessary? Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83:1237-1247.

9. Roffi M, Topol EJ: Percutaneous coronary intervention in diabetic patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. Eur Heart J 2004;25:190-198.

10. Kim JA, Montagnani M, Koh KK, et al: Reciprocal relationships between insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction: Molecular and pathophysiological mechanisms. Circulation 2006;113:1888-1904.

11. Creager MA, Luscher TF, Cosentino F, et al: Diabetes and vascular disease: Pathophysiology, clinical consequences, and medical therapy. Part I. Circulation 2003; 108:15271532.

12. Kragelund C, Snorgaard O, Kober L, et al: Hyperinsulinaemia is associated with increased long-term mortality following acute myocardial infarction in non-diabetic patients. Eur Heart J 2004;25:1891-1897.

13. Ingelsson E, Sundstrom J, Arnlov J, et al: Insulin resistance and risk of congestive heart failure. JAMA 2005;294:334-341.

14. Bierhaus A, Hofmann MA, Ziegler R, et al: AGEs and their interaction with AGE-receptors in vascular disease and diabetes mellitus: I. The AGE concept. Cardiovasc Res 1998;37: 586-600.

15. Moreno PR, Murcia AM, Palacios IF, et al: Coronary composition and macrophage infiltration in atherectomy specimens from patients with diabetes mellitus. Circulation 2000;102: 2180-2184.

16. Knobler H, Savion N, Shenkman B, et al: Shear-induced platelet adhesion and aggregation on subendothelium are increased in diabetic patients. Thromb Res 1998;90:181-190.

17. Carr ME: Diabetes mellitus: A hypercoagulable state. J Diabetes Complications 2001;15:44-54.

18. Anand SS, Yi Q Gerstein H, et al: Relationship of metabolic syndrome and fibrinolytic dysfunction to cardiovascular disease. Circulation 2003;108:420-425.

19. Biondi-Zoccai GG, Abbate A, Liuzzo G, et al: Atherothrom-bosis, inflammation, and diabetes. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003; 41:1071-1077.

20. Freeman DJ, Norrie J, Caslake MJ, et al: C-reactive protein is an independent predictor of risk for the development of diabetes in the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study. Diabetes 2002;51:1596-1600.

21. Beckman JA, Creager MA, Libby P:. Diabetes and atherosclerosis: Epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management. JAMA 2002;287:2570-2581.

22. Tepper OM, Galiano RD, Capla JM, et al: Human endothelial progenitor cells from type II diabetics exhibit impaired proliferation, adhesion, and incorporation into vascular structures. Circulation 2002;106:2781-2786.

23. Loomans CJ, de Koning EJ, Staal FJ, et al: Endothelial progenitor cell dysfunction: A novel concept in the pathogenesis of vascular complications of type 1 diabetes. Diabetes 2004; 53:195-199.

24. Fadini GP, Miorin M, Facco M, et al: Circulating endothelial progenitor cells are reduced in peripheral vascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005;45: 1449-1457.

25. Booth GL, Kapral MK, Fung K, et al: Relation between age and cardiovascular disease in men and women with diabetes compared with non-diabetic people: A population-based retrospective cohort study. Lancet 2006;368:29-36.

26. Executive Summary of The Third Report of The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA 2001; 285:2486-2497.

27. Haffner SM, Lehto S, Ronnemaa T, et al: Mortality from coronary heart disease in subjects with type 2 diabetes and in nondiabetic subjects with and without prior myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med 1998;339:229-234.

28. Malmberg K, Yusuf S, Gerstein HC, et al: Impact of diabetes on long-term prognosis in patients with unstable angina and non-Q-wave myocardial infarction: Results of the OASIS Registry. Circulation 2000;102:1014-1019.

29. Juutilainen A, Lehto S, Ronnemaa T, et al: Type 2 diabetes as a "coronary heart disease equivalent": An 18-year prospective population-based study in Finnish subjects. Diabetes Care 2005;28:2901-2907.

30. Kataoka Y, Yasuda S, Morii I, et al: Quantitative coronary angiographic studies of patients with angina pectoris and impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetes Care 2005;28:2217-2222.

31. Zbinden R, Zbinden S, Billinger M, et al: Influence of diabetes mellitus on coronary collateral flow: An answer to an old controversy. Heart 2005;91:1289-1293.

32. Fang ZY, Schull-Meade R, Leano R, et al: Screening for heart disease in diabetic subjects. Am Heart J 2005;149:349-354.

33. Asbun J, Villarreal FJ: The pathogenesis of myocardial fibrosis in the setting of diabetic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006;47:693-700.

34. Marwick TH: Diabetic heart disease. Heart 2006;92:296-300.

35. Ziegler D, Zentai C, Perz S, et al: Selective contribution of diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors to cardiac auto-nomic dysfunction in the general population. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2006;114:153-159.

36. Wackers FJ, Young LH, Inzucchi SE, et al: Detection of silent myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic diabetic subjects: The DIAD study. Diabetes Care 2004;27:1954-1961.

37. Beks PJ, Mackaay AJ, de Neeling JN, et al: Peripheral arterial disease in relation to glycaemic level in an elderly Caucasian population: The Hoorn study. Diabetologia 1995;38:86-96.

38. Goldstein LB, Adams R, Alberts MJ, et al: Primary prevention of ischemic stroke: A guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council. Circulation 2006;113:e873-e923.

39. Wackers FJ, Zaret BL: Detection of myocardial ischemia in patients with diabetes mellitus. Circulation 2002;105:5-7.

40. Albers AR, Krichavsky MZ, Balady GJ: Stress testing in patients with diabetes mellitus: Diagnostic and prognostic value. Circulation 2006;113:583-592.

41. Smith SC Jr, Faxon D, Cascio W, et al: Prevention Conference VI: Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease. Writing Group VI: Revascularization in diabetic patients. Circulation 2002;105: e165-e169.

42. Piatti P, Di Mario C, Monti LD, et al: Association of insulin resistance, hyperleptinemia, and impaired nitric oxide release

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Dynamic Six Pack Abs

Dynamic Six Pack Abs

Reasonable care has been taken to ensure that the information presented in this book is accurate. However, the reader should understand that the information provided does not constitute legal, medical or professional advice of any kind.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment