Advanced Robotics and Telemanipulator System for Minimally Invasive Surgery

The Advanced Robotics and Telemanipulator System for Minimally Invasive Surgery system was designed at the Institute of Applied Informatics in Tubingen University, Germany in 1992. It was the first system that provided instrument mobility with six degrees of freedom.

It integrated the Fips endoarm with a conventional technical telemanipulator, mastered by a joystick (29,30). The prototype reached the experimental phase, but was unable to proceed to commercial production or clinical application (31). The "Kinematic Simulation, Monitoring and Off-Line Programming Environment for Telerobotics" software was used in the Advanced Robotics and Telemanipulator System for Minimally Invasive Surgery system as a three-dimensional real-time simulation support tool.

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