Alireza Moinzadeh

Section of Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery, Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.

INTRODUCTION

LAPAROSCOPY FOR MALIGNANT ADRENAL

ADRENALECTOMY FOR SOLITARY

LESIONS

METASTASIS

GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SURGERY

ADRENALECTOMY FOR ADRENOCORTICAL

LAPAROSCOPIC ADRENALECTOMY FOR

CARCINOMA

MALIGNANCY: CAVEATS

CONTROVERSY ABOUT THE ROLE OF

SUMMARY

LAPAROSCOPY FOR MALIGNANCY

REFERENCES

Currently, laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the gold standard for benign medical adrenal masses. However, the role of laparoscopy for malignant adrenal disease including primary adrenocortical carcinoma (adrenocortical carcinoma) and metastatic lesions is more controversial.

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