In recent years, urologie laparoscopy has breached new frontiers and has evolved into a specialized discipline in itself. Procedures that until recently were considered beyond the scope of laparoscopic surgery are now being increasingly performed safely and effectively by laparoscopic surgeons all over the world. The foundation of successful laparoscopic surgery lies in the strict adherence to age-old, established surgical principles, proper training of personnel in laparoscopic skills, and good equipment. In this

Proper positioning of equipment and personnel is essential for the smooth performance of most laparoscopic procedures.

A checklist ensuring that all essential equipments are present and operational should be completed just before initiating the pneumoperitoneum.

chapter we have covered the practical fundamentals of laparoscopic urology, which go a long way in ensuring a successful outcome for the patient and surgeon alike.

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