Untreated infection and coagulopathy are the only absolute contraindications to laparoscopic nephrectomy. Complication and conversion rates are highest in patients undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy for severe inflammatory conditions of the kidney (e.g., xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, pyonephrosis) and should be regarded as relative contraindications for the inexperienced laparoscopist (1-4). Renal tuberculosis can be dealt with safely by laparoscopy, although operating times are longer compared with nephrectomy for other benign conditions (5). Obesity and previous abdominal surgery do not preclude a laparoscopic approach (6,7).

101 Everyday Tips for Losing 10 Pounds

101 Everyday Tips for Losing 10 Pounds

Studies show obesity may soon overtake tobacco as the leading cause of death in world. Who Else Could Use 101 'Everyday' Ways to Lose 10 Pounds or more and Keep it Off! You've been putting it off too long. Hey, everyone needs to lose weight from time to time. You're no different!

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment