Howard N Winfield

Department of Urology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.A.

■ INTRODUCTION

■ ALDOSTERONOMAS

■ CUSHING'S SYNDROME

■ PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA

■ INDICATIONS FOR LAPAROSCOPIC ADRENALECTOMY

■ RESULTS OF LAPAROSCOPIC ADRENALECTOMY FOR BENIGN DISEASE

■ REFERENCES

Hormonally active adrenal lesions, tumors suspicious for carcinoma, or nonfunctioning adrenal lesions 5 cm or greater in size are suitable for surgical removal.

Indications for laparoscopic adrenalectomy have expanded while absolute contraindications have diminished. laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become a standard of care and the technique of choice for most benign surgical adrenal lesions.

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