Introduction

In the past century, advances in science and technology have brought dramatic changes that have transformed the practice of medicine and surgery. Such advances have led to the development of more accurate diagnostics as well as more effective, less morbid, treatments that have been the highlight of modern medicine. The field of robotics has emerged as one such discipline with great potential to transform medicine. Although robotics has found common and useful applications in industry, agriculture, space, and aviation, robotics has been harnessed for application in the field of medicine only recently. Ranging from simplistic laboratory robots to highly complex surgical robots, which can aid a human surgeon or even execute operations by themselves, the robot has many potential roles in 21st century medicine. Manifold advantages including speed, accuracy, repeatability, and reliability may be gained from a robot.

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