James F Donovan

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A. Marlou B. Heiland

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A.

INTRODUCTION

Instrumentation

DIAGNOSIS

Operation

INDICATIONS FOR TREATMENT

■ RESULTS

TREATMENT OPTIONS Nonoperative Therapy Operative Therapy

Fertility Pain

Complications

CONTRAINDICATIONS TO LAPAROSCOPIC VARIX LIGATION

■ REFERENCES

SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Patient Preparation

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